The Munich Agreement Of September 1938

Since most of the border defense was in the area ceded as a result of the Munich Agreement, the rest of Czechoslovakia, despite its relatively large stockpiles of modern weapons, was totally open to further invasion. In a speech at the Reichstag, Hitler expressed the importance of the occupation for the strengthening of the German army and found that Germany, through the occupation of Czechoslovakia, 2,175 cannons and cannons, 469 tanks, 500 anti-aircraft artillery guns, 43,000 machine guns, 1,090,000 military rifles, 114,000 pistols, about a billion small arms ammunition and 3 million anti-aircraft ammunition. This could arm about half of the Wehrmacht. [93] Later, Czechoslovak weapons played an important role in the German conquest of Poland and France, the latter of which prompted Czechoslovakia to visit the Sudetenland in 1938. In the late 1930s, storm clouds accumulated over Europe. The main reason was the action of the German leader Adolf Hitler. He made it clear that his long-term goal was to attack the USSR and destroy communism. But in the short term, it has raised concerns in Western and Central Europe. Until 1938, he had broken the terms of the Treaty of Versailles by re-establishing German forces and taking control of Austria. In September 1938, he threatened to wage war on Czechoslovakia if the Czechs refused to hand over parts of their country to Germany. Britain and France had agreements with Czechoslovakia, so if there was a war, they would be trained. On the 28th The British Ambassador to Italy, Lord Perth, called the Italian Foreign Minister, Galeazzo Ciano, to request an urgent meeting. [37] Perth informed Ciano that Chamberlain had ordered him to invite Mussolini to begin negotiations and to urge Hitler to postpone the ultimatum.

[37] At 11:00 a.m., Ciano Mussolini met with him and informed him of Chamberlain`s proposal; Mussolini agreed and responded by phoning the Italian ambassador to Germany and telling him: “Go immediately to the Führer and tell him that whatever happens, I will be at his side, but that I ask for a delay of twenty-four hours before the hostilities begin. In the meantime, I will study what can be done to solve the problem. [40] Hitler received Mussolini`s embassy during discussions with the French ambassador. Hitler told the ambassador: “My good friend, Benito Mussolini, asked me to postpone the marching orders of the German army for twenty-four hours, and I agreed. This was obviously not a concession, since the date of the invasion was set for October 1, 1938. [41] In an interview with Chamberlain, Lord Perth Mussolini thanked Chamberlain and Chamberlain`s request that Mussolini participate on September 29 in a four-member conference from Britain, France, Germany and Italy in Munich to resolve the Sudetenland problem before the 14:00 deadline. . .