On May 30, U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer presented to Congress a draft declaration on the administrative measures necessary to implement the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA and the new NAFTA), pursuant to the Presidential Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) Act 2015. The project will submit USMCA enforcement legislation to Congress after 30 days, or after June 29. In a letter  sent to Nancy Pelosi, spokeswoman for the House of Representatives, and Kevin McCarthy, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the Republicans, Lighthizer said that the USMCA is the gold standard in U.S. trade policy, modernizes competitive digital commerce, intellectual property, and U.S. services, and creates a level playing field for U.S. companies, workers and farmers. an agreement that represents a fundamental reorientation of trade relations between Mexico and Canada. The text of the North American Agreement on Labour Market Cooperation is available on the website of the Commission for Labour Market Cooperation. The agreement is referred to differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA).   In Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá (T-MEC) is called.
  The agreement is sometimes referred to as “New NAFTA”, in line with the previous trilateral agreement intended to replace it, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). There are three primary dispute settlement mechanisms that are included in NAFTA. Chapter 20 is the resolution mechanism from one country to another. It is often considered the least controversial of the three mechanisms and was maintained in the USMCA in its original NAFTA form. Such cases would involve complaints between USMCA member states for violation of a provision of the agreement.  Chapter 19 deals with the justification of anti-dumping or countervailing duties. Without Chapter 19, the remedy for the management of these policies would be through the national legal system. Chapter 19 provides that a USMCA body hears the case and acts as the international commercial court in mediating the dispute.
 The Trump administration has attempted to remove Chapter 19 of the new USMCA text, although it has been maintained so far in the agreement. . . .